What is the cause of accelerated osteochondrosis in the cervical area? What are its specific symptoms? How to cure cervical osteochondrosis independently at home? Many people suffering from osteochondrosis want to hear the answers to these questions.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical region is the most common and unpleasant disease that affects modern young people between the ages of thirty and thirty-five. Cervical osteochondrosis develops due to prolonged stay in incorrect and tense positions - when working at a personal computer all day and also due to the habit of holding the phone on the shoulders. Often, this disease appears due to prolonged exposure to vibration, more precisely, if powerful construction equipment is used during work or frequent handling. Also, this disease develops due to incorrect posture, uncomfortable beds, sedentary lifestyle, hereditary predisposition and other factors. Most often, in people with this disease, the back of the neck hurts.
Osteochondrosis of the neck is considered a degenerative and dystrophic lesion of the intervertebral discs of the cervical spine. It appears due to metabolic disorders of the cervical spine, in connection with which there is a change in the structure of the intervertebral disc, that is, a special gasket between the vertebrae.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are significantly different from osteochondrosis in other areas. This is one of the most dangerous types of osteochondrosis, because as a result of compression of the blood vessels, the nerve root of the spinal cord is damaged and the blood supply to the brain is disrupted. The reason is the peculiarity of the structure of the spine in the neck.
The large artery that feeds the brain is vertebral and passes through the opening of the cervical vertebral process. Pathological changes in it lead to the growth of bone and fibrous tissues and constriction of the artery. Due to the movement of the spine, the normal functioning of these arteries is also disturbed.
The structure of the cervical spine is slightly different - the vertebrae are closely connected to each other. With any even slight pathological changes, the normal functioning of all departments is disturbed - nerves and blood vessels are pressed and displaced. As a result, functions are disturbed - skin sensitivity is disturbed, signs of dizziness are observed. You will have ringing in your ears, headache, severe fatigue, vision and hearing will deteriorate and you will shake while walking.
The most important symptoms are:
- Pain in the neck, shoulders and arms. When you turn your head, you will feel muscle weakness, cramping in your neck.
- Sensation of pulling pain in heart area. You will feel pain in your left hand. You will feel burning and pain in the shoulder blades.
- Do not be surprised by occasional headaches and increased fatigue, as well as a feeling of weakness.
- pain hurtsDifficulty moving the head.
- Pain in the neck spreads to the arm, which can cause numbness in the fingers.
- Hearing and vision will deteriorate, pain will appear in the hands, heart and lung work will be disturbed, dizziness, nausea, numbness of the tongue and face will appear.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
At first, osteochondrosis takes a mild form and does not cause any discomfort to a person. At this stage, drug treatment is not required, it is only necessary to take preventive measures to avoid more serious complications. It is necessary to improve working conditions, review lifestyle and abandon bad habits.
Get active, do morning exercises, follow a diet, stop smoking and avoid heavy lifting. Maintain proper posture, get proper posture while sitting and lying down. Sign up for a therapeutic gymnastics course.
Over the years, cervical osteochondrosis can progress and turn into a more complicated form. Then the treatment is carried out by a conservative method. At this stage, you will need to wear special collars, do physiotherapy, massage.
In the most severe cases, it will be necessary to use drug therapy, that is, the treatment will already be with the help of painkillers, antispasmodics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.